Burmese Christians Seek Refuge in New Kingdom on Western Border of ThailandSource: Baptist World Missions Association - USA to China
Up to a million people have fled their homes in eastern Burma in a crisis the world has largely ignored. Burma's refusal to release Aung San Suu Kyi from house arrest, and the boycotting of the constitutional convention this month by the main opposition, has thrust Burma into the spotlight again. But unseen and largely unremarked is the ongoing harrowing experience of hundreds of thousands of people in eastern Burma, hiding in the jungle or trapped in army-controlled relocation sites. Others are in refugee camps on the Thai-Burmese border. These people are victims in a counterinsurgency war in which they are the deliberate targets.
As members of Burma's ethnic minorities - which make up 40 per cent of the population - they are trapped in a conflict between the Burmese army and ethnic minority armies. Surviving on caches of rice hidden in caves, or on roots and wild foods, families in eastern Burma face malaria, landmines, disease and starvation. They are hunted like animals by army patrols and starved into surrender.
In interviews... refugees told Christian Aid of murder and rape, the torching of villages and shooting of family members as they lay huddled together in the fields. They recalled farmers who had been blown up by landmines laid by the army around their crops. This report, based on personal testimonies from refugees, tells the story of Burma's humanitarian crisis.
On the brink of the Burmese government's announcement of a 'roadmap to democracy' for a new constitution, Burma's Dirty War argues that any new political settlement must include the crisis on the country's eastern borders. Burma's refusal to free Aung San Suu Kyi promises more intransigence and an even slower pace of change - with predictable human costs. This report calls on the UK and Irish governments, the EU and the UN to use what opportunity remains from the roadmap to democracy to press for an end to the conflict in negotiations with ethnic minorities. It also argues that the UN must gain access to the areas in crisis - despite the Burmese government ban on travel there by humanitarian agencies.
Key recommendations include:
* that the Burmese government cease human rights abuses, allow access to eastern Burma by humanitarian agencies including UN special representatives, and engage in dialogue with ethnic minority representatives
* that the UK and Irish governments, the EU and the UN fund work with displaced people inside Burma and continue to support refugees in Thailand
* that the UK and Irish governments, the EU and UN Security Council condemn Burma's human rights abuses against ethnic minorities, demand that it protect civilians from violence and insist that Burma allow access to humanitarian agencies The report argues that governments must seize the opportunity presented by the roadmap to push for genuine negotiations between the government, the National League for Democracy and ethnic minority organisations which can bring out a just and lasting peace. (End ChristianAid newsletter).
The Thomas Christians in Burma, known as the Burmese Orthodox Church, through the efforts of the Patriarchate of Jerusalem, has purchased an extensively large zone of land along the border of Thailand and Burma where it will be home to more than 20-thousand Burmese Christians and converts.
The local patriarchal leader, Andrew Yongsanan, originally from East Burma, said the land was acquired through a special contract by cooperation of three different governments including Burma, Thailand and the Patriarchate of Jerusalem ruled by Isagelos Michai Yaza from within the United States. Yongsanan told media that the new land is referred to as the "Kingdom of Nettara" under the control of the head of the Patriarchate of Jerusalem with representatives from Burma, Thailand, China and India.
Asked about... how something of this magnitude took place so quietly, Yongsanan said, "It was in God's hands..." "a short while ago." Yongsanan said, "The most important thing for us to look at right now is that God is in control and his people are in His protection."
Two hospitals, a radio station, and electrical system have been established as well as three water filtration systems throughout the zone.
The new government offers hope to those who were once persecuted by the ruthless military regime of Burma and could offer hope to others.
- Copyright 2004 by The Indian Daily Journal of Kerala, June 9, 2004. (Christian Aid Newsletter of May 24, 2004 contributed to this article)
Source: Baptist World Missions Association - USA to China